Goal 2: Zero hunger
Rapid economic growth and increased agricultural productivity over the past two decades have seen the number of undernourished people drop by almost half. Many developing countries that used to suffer from famine and hunger can now meet the nutritional needs of the most vulnerable. Central and East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean have all made huge progress in eradicating extreme hunger.
These are all huge achievements in line with the targets set out by the first Millennium Development Goals. Unfortunately, extreme hunger and malnutrition remain a huge barrier to development in many countries. 795 million people are estimated to be chronically undernourished as of 2014, often as a direct consequence of environmental degradation, drought and loss of biodiversity. Over 90 million children under the age of five are dangerously underweight. And one person in every four still goes hungry in Africa.
The SDGs aim to end all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030, making sure all people – especially children – have access to sufficient and nutritious food all year round. This involves promoting sustainable agricultural practices: supporting small scale farmers and allowing equal access to land, technology and markets. It also requires international cooperation to ensure investment in infrastructure and technology to improve agricultural productivity. Together with the other goals set out here, we can end hunger by 2030.
One in nine people in the world today is undernourished; that’s 795 million people.
Asia is the continent with the most hungry people, two thirds of the total.
1 in 4
A quarter of children suffer from stunted growth. In some developing countries, it’s as high as one in three.
Agriculture is the world’s largest employer, providing livelihoods for 40 percent of the global population.
If women farmers had the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry people in the world could be reduced by 150 million.
Since the 1900s, some 75 percent of crop diversity has been lost from farmers’ fields.